Web recourses;Web citation;Humanities and social sciences;Web reference
In this era of a rapid change in the way people finding and using information resources, despite that the academic communication and using patterns for people in the traditional print environment have been studied for many years, the Internet media presents a new and relatively unexplored area for such study. In this article, we explored the distribution and utilization of web recourses in humanities and social sciences based on web citations. We collected 1,421,731 citations listed in 148,172 articles from 493 journals published during the period of 2006–2007 in the CSSCI, which resulted in 44,973 web citations. We counted the amount and types of web resources used in various disciplines, analyzed the URLs frequency from the host-level, fitted the frequency distribution into the regression models with SPSS, and perform the disciplines coupling analysis based on the web citations. We found out that: (a) The distributions of web citations by years or by websites and webpage types are selective and regular; (b) Great disparity exists among various disciplines in terms of using web information, and the high-frequency websites; (c) The frequency distribution of web citations is similar to the Garfield’s citation distribution curve; (d) Some relationships between disciplines are detected, based on the utilization of web information.
Citations analysis;Bibliometrics;Citing behavior;China;Reform and opening up
Over the past 30 years, the research behavior of Chinese scholars has continually evolved. This paper studied the citing behavior of Chinese scholars by employing three indicators of citation concentration from the perspective of citation breadth analysis. All the citations from 2,338,033 papers from the Chinese Citation Database (1979–2008) covering four disciplines—Chemistry; Clinical Medicine; Library, Information and Archival Science; and Chinese Literature and World Literature—were analyzed. Empirical results show a general weakening tendency towards citation concentration: (1) decreasing percentage of uncited published papers within a given year; (2) a higher percentage of papers required to account for the same proportion of citation than before; and (3) the steady decline in the Herfindahl-Hirschman index (HHI) of citation distribution. All three measures indicate a decline in citing concentration or an increase in citation breadth. This phenomenon may be the result of increased access to materials, perhaps because of the ease with which scholarly materials can be accessed through the Internet.
Journal of Informetrics,2016年10(1):132-150 ISSN：1751-1577
[Yang, Siluo ] School of Public Management, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan, China;[Yang, Siluo ; Han, Ruizhen ] School of Information Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China;[ Wolfram, Dietmar ; Zhao, Yuehua ] School of Information Studies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee;[ Wolfram, Dietmar ; Zhao, Yuehua ] WI, United States;WI, United States
We introduce the author keyword coupling analysis (AKCA) method to visualize the field of information science (2006-2015). We then compare the AKCA method with the author bibliographic coupling analysis (ABCA) method in terms of first- and all-author citation counts. We obtain the following findings: (1) The AKCA method is a new and feasible method for visualizing a discipline's structure, and the ABCA and AKCA methods have their respective strengths and emphases. The relation within the ABCA method is based on the same references (knowledge base), whereas that within the AKCA method is based on the same keywords (lexical linguistic). The AKCA method appears to provide a less detailed picture, and more uneven sub-areas of a discipline structure. The relationships between authors are narrow and direct and feature multiple levels in AKCA. (2) All-author coupling provides a comprehensive picture; thus, a complete view of a discipline structure may require both first- and all-author coupling analyses. (3) Information science evolved continuously during the second decade of the World Wide Web. The KDA (knowledge domain analysis) camp became remarkably prominent, while the IR camp (information retrieval) experienced a further decline in hard IR research, and became significantly smaller; Patent analysis and Open Access emerged during this period. Mapping of Science and Bibliometric evaluation also experienced substantial growth. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Establishing a model of public administration distinct from those of Western countries has been a long standing hope of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Chinese government. Using the Creating a National Healthy City (CNHC) campaign as a case study, this article demonstrates evidence for an emerging authoritarian integrative governance model (AIGM) in China. Given their limited and scattered resources in terms of both bureaucratic structure and geography, local government officials cannot effectively complete the numerous tasks transferred to them from higher-level government offices. Therefore, relying on an authoritative system to integrate dispersed resources has become a rational solution. The emergence of AIGM is more contingent upon the weighing the political risks that originate from competition between different political ideologies, environmental feedback on the failure or success of solutions to bureaucratic problems are considered less significant, which furthers allow the emergence of AIGM to be an inevitable consequence. Copyright (C) 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Information Processing and Management,2012年48(4):779-790 ISSN：0306-4573
[Yang, Siluo ; Han, Ruizhen ] Public Management School, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan, China;[ Ding, Jingda ; Song, Yanfei ] Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China